CBML

Table of contents

1. Elements

1.1. <TEI>

<TEI> (TEI document) contains a single TEI-conformant document, combining a single TEI header with one or more members of the model.resource class. Multiple <TEI> elements may be combined within a <TEI> (or <teiCorpus>) element. [4. Default Text Structure 15.1. Varieties of Composite Text]
Moduletextstructure
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.typed (@type, @subtype)
versionspecifies the version number of the TEI Guidelines against which this document is valid.
StatusOptional
Datatypeteidata.version
Note

Major editions of the Guidelines have long been informally referred to by a name made up of the letter P (for Proposal) followed by a digit. The current release is one of the many releases of the fifth major edition of the Guidelines, known as P5. This attribute may be used to associate a TEI document with a specific release of the P5 Guidelines, in the absence of a more precise association provided by the source attribute on the associated <schemaSpec>.

Member of
Contained by
core: teiCorpus
textstructure: TEI
May contain
header: teiHeader
linking: standOff
textstructure: TEI text
Note

This element is required. It is customary to specify the TEI namespace http://www.tei-c.org/ns/1.0 on it, using the xmlns attribute.

Example
<TEI version="3.3.0" xmlns="http://www.tei-c.org/ns/1.0">  <teiHeader>   <fileDesc>    <titleStmt>     <title>The shortest TEI Document Imaginable</title>    </titleStmt>    <publicationStmt>     <p>First published as part of TEI P2, this is the P5          version using a name space.</p>    </publicationStmt>    <sourceDesc>     <p>No source: this is an original work.</p>    </sourceDesc>   </fileDesc>  </teiHeader>  <text>   <body>    <p>This is about the shortest TEI document imaginable.</p>   </body>  </text> </TEI>
Example
<TEI version="2.9.1" xmlns="http://www.tei-c.org/ns/1.0">  <teiHeader>   <fileDesc>    <titleStmt>     <title>A TEI Document containing four page images </title>    </titleStmt>    <publicationStmt>     <p>Unpublished demonstration file.</p>    </publicationStmt>    <sourceDesc>     <p>No source: this is an original work.</p>    </sourceDesc>   </fileDesc>  </teiHeader>  <facsimile>   <graphic url="page1.png"/>   <graphic url="page2.png"/>   <graphic url="page3.png"/>   <graphic url="page4.png"/>  </facsimile> </TEI>
Schematron
<sch:ns prefix="tei"  uri="http://www.tei-c.org/ns/1.0"/> <sch:ns prefix="xs"  uri="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"/>
Schematron
<sch:ns prefix="rng"  uri="http://relaxng.org/ns/structure/1.0"/>
Content model
<content>
 <sequence>
  <elementRef key="teiHeader"/>
  <alternate>
   <sequence>
    <classRef key="model.resource"
     minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    <elementRef key="TEI" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
   </sequence>
   <elementRef key="TEI" minOccurs="1"
    maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
  </alternate>
 </sequence>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element TEI
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.typed.attributes,
   attribute version { text }?,
   ( teiHeader, ( ( model.resource+, TEI* ) | TEI+ ) )
}

1.2. <ab>

<ab> (anonymous block) contains any arbitrary component-level unit of text, acting as an anonymous container for phrase or inter level elements analogous to, but without the semantic baggage of, a paragraph. [16.3. Blocks, Segments, and Anchors]
Modulelinking
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.typed (@type, @subtype) att.declaring (@decls) att.fragmentable (@part) att.written (@hand)
Member of
Contained by
May contain
Note

The <ab> element may be used at the encoder's discretion to mark any component-level elements in a text for which no other more specific appropriate markup is defined.

Example
<div type="bookn="Genesis">  <div type="chaptern="1">   <ab>In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.</ab>   <ab>And the earth was without form, and void; and      darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the      spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.</ab>   <ab>And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.</ab> <!-- ...-->  </div> </div>
Schematron
<s:report test="not(ancestor::tei:floatingText) and (ancestor::tei:p or ancestor::tei:ab) and not(parent::tei:exemplum |parent::tei:item |parent::tei:note |parent::tei:q |parent::tei:quote |parent::tei:remarks |parent::tei:said |parent::tei:sp |parent::tei:stage |parent::tei:cell |parent::tei:figure)"> Abstract model violation: ab may not occur inside paragraphs or other ab elements. </s:report>
Schematron
<s:report test="ancestor::tei:l or ancestor::tei:lg"> Abstract model violation: Lines may not contain higher-level divisions such as p or ab. </s:report>
Content model
<content>
 <macroRef key="macro.paraContent"/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element ab
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.typed.attributes,
   att.declaring.attributes,
   att.fragmentable.attributes,
   att.written.attributes,
   macro.paraContent
}

1.3. <abbr>

<abbr> (abbreviation) contains an abbreviation of any sort. [3.5.5. Abbreviations and Their Expansions]
Modulecore
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.typed (type, @subtype)
typeallows the encoder to classify the abbreviation according to some convenient typology.
Derived fromatt.typed
StatusOptional
Datatypeteidata.enumerated
Sample values include:
suspension
the abbreviation provides the first letter(s) of the word or phrase, omitting the remainder.
contraction
the abbreviation omits some letter(s) in the middle.
brevigraph
the abbreviation comprises a special symbol or mark.
superscription
the abbreviation includes writing above the line.
acronym
the abbreviation comprises the initial letters of the words of a phrase.
title
the abbreviation is for a title of address (Dr, Ms, Mr, …)
organization
the abbreviation is for the name of an organization.
geographic
the abbreviation is for a geographic name.
Note

The type attribute is provided for the sake of those who wish to classify abbreviations at their point of occurrence; this may be useful in some circumstances, though usually the same abbreviation will have the same type in all occurrences. As the sample values make clear, abbreviations may be classified by the method used to construct them, the method of writing them, or the referent of the term abbreviated; the typology used is up to the encoder and should be carefully planned to meet the needs of the expected use. For a typology of Middle English abbreviations, see [[undefined PETTY]]

Member of
Contained by
May contain
Note

If abbreviations are expanded silently, this practice should be documented in the <editorialDecl>, either with a <normalization> element or a <p>.

Example
<choice>  <expan>North Atlantic Treaty Organization</expan>  <abbr cert="low">NorATO</abbr>  <abbr cert="high">NATO</abbr>  <abbr cert="highxml:lang="fr">OTAN</abbr> </choice>
Example
<choice>  <abbr>SPQR</abbr>  <expan>senatus populusque romanorum</expan> </choice>
Content model
<content>
 <macroRef key="macro.phraseSeq"/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element abbr
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.typed.attribute.subtype,
   attribute type { text }?,
   macro.phraseSeq
}

1.4. <abstract>

<abstract> contains a summary or formal abstract prefixed to an existing source document by the encoder. [2.4.4. Abstracts]
Moduleheader
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source))
Member of
Contained by
header: profileDesc
May contain
Note

This element is intended only for cases where no abstract is available in the original source. Any abstract already present in the source document should be encoded as a <div> within the <front>, as it should for a born-digital document.

Example
<profileDesc>  <abstract resp="#LB">   <p>Good database design involves the acquisition and deployment of      skills which have a wider relevance to the educational process. From      a set of more or less instinctive rules of thumb a formal discipline      or "methodology" of database design has evolved. Applying that      methodology can be of great benefit to a very wide range of academic      subjects: it requires fundamental skills of abstraction and      generalisation and it provides a simple mechanism whereby complex      ideas and information structures can be represented and manipulated,      even without the use of a computer. </p>  </abstract> </profileDesc>
Content model
<content>
 <alternate minOccurs="1"
  maxOccurs="unbounded">
  <classRef key="model.pLike"/>
  <classRef key="model.listLike"/>
 </alternate>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element abstract { att.global.attributes, ( model.pLike | model.listLike )+ }

1.5. <activity>

<activity> contains a brief informal description of what a participant in a language interaction is doing other than speaking, if anything. [15.2.3. The Setting Description]
Modulecorpus
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source))
Member of
Contained by
corpus: setting
May contain
Note

For more fine-grained description of participant activities during a spoken text, the <event> element should be used.

Example
<activity>driving</activity>
Content model
<content>
 <macroRef key="macro.phraseSeq.limited"/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element activity { att.global.attributes, macro.phraseSeq.limited }

1.6. <actor>

<actor> contains the name of an actor appearing within a cast list. [7.1.4. Cast Lists]
Moduledrama
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.canonical (@key, @ref)
Member of
Contained by
drama: castItem
May contain
Note

This element should be used only to mark the name of the actor as given in the source. Chapter 13. Names, Dates, People, and Places discusses ways of marking the components of names, and also of associating names with biographical information about a person.

Example
<castItem>  <role>Mathias</role>  <roleDesc>the Burgomaster</roleDesc>  <actor ref="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Irving">Mr. Henry Irving</actor> </castItem>
Content model
<content>
 <macroRef key="macro.phraseSeq"/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element actor
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.canonical.attributes,
   macro.phraseSeq
}

1.7. <add>

<add> (addition) contains letters, words, or phrases inserted in the source text by an author, scribe, or a previous annotator or corrector. [3.4.3. Additions, Deletions, and Omissions]
Modulecore
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.transcriptional (@status, @cause, @seq) (att.editLike (@evidence, @instant)) (att.written (@hand)) att.placement (@place) att.typed (@type, @subtype) att.dimensions (@unit, @quantity, @extent, @precision, @scope) (att.ranging (@atLeast, @atMost, @min, @max, @confidence))
Member of
Contained by
May contain
Note

In a diplomatic edition attempting to represent an original source, the <add> element should not be used for additions to the current TEI electronic edition made by editors or encoders. In these cases, either the <corr> or <supplied> element are recommended.

In a TEI edition of a historical text with previous editorial emendations in which such additions or reconstructions are considered part of the source text, the use of <add> may be appropriate, dependent on the editorial philosophy of the project.

Example
The story I am going to relate is true as to its main facts, and as to the consequences <add place="above">of these facts</add> from which this tale takes its title.
Content model
<content>
 <macroRef key="macro.paraContent"/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element add
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.transcriptional.attributes,
   att.placement.attributes,
   att.typed.attributes,
   att.dimensions.attributes,
   macro.paraContent
}

1.8. <addName>

<addName> (additional name) contains an additional name component, such as a nickname, epithet, or alias, or any other descriptive phrase used within a personal name. [13.2.1. Personal Names]
Modulenamesdates
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.personal (@full, @sort) (att.naming (@role, @nymRef) (att.canonical (@key, @ref)) ) att.typed (@type, @subtype)
Member of
Contained by
May contain
Example
<persName>  <forename>Frederick</forename>  <addName type="epithet">the Great</addName>  <roleName>Emperor of Prussia</roleName> </persName>
Content model
<content>
 <macroRef key="macro.phraseSeq"/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element addName
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.personal.attributes,
   att.typed.attributes,
   macro.phraseSeq
}

1.9. <addSpan>

<addSpan> (added span of text) marks the beginning of a longer sequence of text added by an author, scribe, annotator or corrector (see also <add>). [11.3.1.4. Additions and Deletions]
Moduletranscr
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.transcriptional (@status, @cause, @seq) (att.editLike (@evidence, @instant)) (att.written (@hand)) att.placement (@place) att.typed (@type, @subtype) att.spanning (@spanTo) att.dimensions (@unit, @quantity, @extent, @precision, @scope) (att.ranging (@atLeast, @atMost, @min, @max, @confidence))
Member of
Contained by
May containEmpty element
Note

Both the beginning and the end of the added material must be marked; the beginning by the <addSpan> element itself, the end by the spanTo attribute.

Example
<handNote xml:id="HEOL"  scribe="HelgiÓlafsson"/> <!-- ... --> <body>  <div> <!-- text here -->  </div>  <addSpan n="added_gatheringhand="#HEOL"   spanTo="#P025"/>  <div> <!-- text of first added poem here -->  </div>  <div> <!-- text of second added poem here -->  </div>  <div> <!-- text of third added poem here -->  </div>  <div> <!-- text of fourth added poem here -->  </div>  <anchor xml:id="P025"/>  <div> <!-- more text here -->  </div> </body>
Schematron
<sch:assert test="@spanTo">The @spanTo attribute of <sch:name/> is required.</sch:assert>
Schematron
<sch:assert test="@spanTo">L'attribut spanTo est requis.</sch:assert>
Content model
<content>
 <empty/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element addSpan
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.transcriptional.attributes,
   att.placement.attributes,
   att.typed.attributes,
   att.spanning.attributes,
   att.dimensions.attributes,
   empty
}

1.10. <addrLine>

<addrLine> (address line) contains one line of a postal address. [3.5.2. Addresses 2.2.4. Publication, Distribution, Licensing, etc. 3.11.2.4. Imprint, Size of a Document, and Reprint Information]
Modulecore
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source))
Member of
Contained by
core: address
May contain
Note

Addresses may be encoded either as a sequence of lines, or using any sequence of component elements from the model.addrPart class. Other non-postal forms of address, such as telephone numbers or email, should not be included within an <address> element directly but may be wrapped within an <addrLine> if they form part of the printed address in some source text.

Example
<address>  <addrLine>Computing Center, MC 135</addrLine>  <addrLine>P.O. Box 6998</addrLine>  <addrLine>Chicago, IL</addrLine>  <addrLine>60680 USA</addrLine> </address>
Example
<addrLine>  <ref target="tel:+1-201-555-0123">(201) 555 0123</ref> </addrLine>
Content model
<content>
 <macroRef key="macro.phraseSeq"/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element addrLine { att.global.attributes, macro.phraseSeq }

1.11. <address>

<address> contains a postal address, for example of a publisher, an organization, or an individual. [3.5.2. Addresses 2.2.4. Publication, Distribution, Licensing, etc. 3.11.2.4. Imprint, Size of a Document, and Reprint Information]
Modulecore
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source))
Member of
Contained by
May contain
Note

This element should be used for postal addresses only. Within it, the generic element <addrLine> may be used as an alternative to any of the more specialized elements available from the model.addrPart class, such as <street>, <postCode> etc.

ExampleUsing just the elements defined by the core module, an address could be represented as follows:
<address>  <street>via Marsala 24</street>  <postCode>40126</postCode>  <name>Bologna</name>  <name>Italy</name> </address>
ExampleWhen a schema includes the names and dates module more specific elements such as country or settlement would be preferable over generic <name>:
<address>  <street>via Marsala 24</street>  <postCode>40126</postCode>  <settlement>Bologna</settlement>  <country>Italy</country> </address>
Example
<address>  <addrLine>Computing Center, MC 135</addrLine>  <addrLine>P.O. Box 6998</addrLine>  <addrLine>Chicago, IL 60680</addrLine>  <addrLine>USA</addrLine> </address>
Example
<address>  <country key="FR"/>  <settlement type="city">Lyon</settlement>  <postCode>69002</postCode>  <district type="arrondissement">IIème</district>  <district type="quartier">Perrache</district>  <street>   <num>30</num>, Cours de Verdun</street> </address>
Content model
<content>
 <sequence>
  <classRef key="model.global"
   minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
  <sequence minOccurs="1"
   maxOccurs="unbounded">
   <classRef key="model.addrPart"/>
   <classRef key="model.global"
    minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
  </sequence>
 </sequence>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element address
{
   att.global.attributes,
   ( model.global*, ( model.addrPart, model.global* )+ )
}

1.12. <affiliation>

<affiliation> contains an informal description of a person's present or past affiliation with some organization, for example an employer or sponsor. [15.2.2. The Participant Description]
Modulenamesdates
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.editLike (@evidence, @instant) att.datable (@calendar, @period) (att.datable.w3c (@when, @notBefore, @notAfter, @from, @to)) (att.datable.iso (@when-iso, @notBefore-iso, @notAfter-iso, @from-iso, @to-iso)) (att.datable.custom (@when-custom, @notBefore-custom, @notAfter-custom, @from-custom, @to-custom, @datingPoint, @datingMethod)) att.naming (@role, @nymRef) (att.canonical (@key, @ref)) att.typed (type, @subtype)
typecharacterizes the element in some sense, using any convenient classification scheme or typology.
Derived fromatt.typed
StatusOptional
Datatypeteidata.enumerated
Sample values include:
sponsor
recommend
discredit
pledged
Member of
Contained by
May contain
Note

If included, the name of an organization may be tagged using either the <name> element as above, or the more specific <orgName> element.

Example
<affiliation>Junior project officer for the US <name type="org">National Endowment for    the Humanities</name> </affiliation>
ExampleThis example indicates that the person was affiliated with the Australian Journalists Association at some point between the dates listed.
<affiliation notAfter="1960-01-01"  notBefore="1957-02-28">Paid up member of the <orgName>Australian Journalists Association</orgName> </affiliation>
ExampleThis example indicates that the person was affiliated with Mount Holyoke College throughout the entire span of the date range listed.
<affiliation from="1902-01-01"  to="1906-01-01">Was an assistant professor at Mount Holyoke College.</affiliation>
Content model
<content>
 <macroRef key="macro.phraseSeq"/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element affiliation
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.editLike.attributes,
   att.datable.attributes,
   att.naming.attributes,
   att.typed.attribute.subtype,
   attribute type { text }?,
   macro.phraseSeq
}

1.13. <age>

<age> specifies the age of a person. [13.3.2.1. Personal Characteristics]
Modulenamesdates
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.editLike (@evidence, @instant) att.datable (@calendar, @period) (att.datable.w3c (@when, @notBefore, @notAfter, @from, @to)) (att.datable.iso (@when-iso, @notBefore-iso, @notAfter-iso, @from-iso, @to-iso)) (att.datable.custom (@when-custom, @notBefore-custom, @notAfter-custom, @from-custom, @to-custom, @datingPoint, @datingMethod)) att.dimensions (@unit, @quantity, @extent, @precision, @scope) (att.ranging (@atLeast, @atMost, @min, @max, @confidence)) att.typed (type, @subtype)
typecharacterizes the element in some sense, using any convenient classification scheme or typology.
Derived fromatt.typed
StatusOptional
Datatypeteidata.enumerated
Sample values include:
western
sui
subjective
objective
inWorld
(in world) age of a fictional character at the time the story takes place, rather than at the time the story is told
chronological
biological
psychological
functional
valuesupplies a numeric code representing the age or age group
StatusOptional
Datatypeteidata.count
Note

This attribute may be used to complement a more detailed discussion of a person's age in the content of the element

Member of
Contained by
May contain
Note

As with other culturally-constructed traits such as sex, the way in which this concept is described in different cultural contexts may vary. The normalizing attributes are provided as a means of simplifying that variety to Western European norms and should not be used where that is inappropriate. The content of the element may be used to describe the intended concept in more detail, using plain text.

Example
<age value="2notAfter="1986">under 20 in the early eighties</age>
Content model
<content>
 <macroRef key="macro.phraseSeq.limited"/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element age
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.editLike.attributes,
   att.datable.attributes,
   att.typed.attribute.subtype,
   att.dimensions.attributes,
   attribute type { text }?,
   attribute value { text }?,
   macro.phraseSeq.limited
}

1.14. <alt>

<alt> (alternation) identifies an alternation or a set of choices among elements or passages. [16.8. Alternation]
Modulelinking
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.typed (@type, @subtype) att.pointing (target, @targetLang, @evaluate)
targetspecifies the destination of the reference by supplying one or more URI References
Derived fromatt.pointing
StatusOptional
Datatype2–∞ occurrences of teidata.pointer separated by whitespace
modestates whether the alternations gathered in this collection are exclusive or inclusive.
StatusRecommended
Datatypeteidata.enumerated
Legal values are:
excl
(exclusive) indicates that the alternation is exclusive, i.e. that at most one of the alternatives occurs.
incl
(inclusive) indicates that the alternation is not exclusive, i.e. that one or more of the alternatives occur.
weightsIf mode is excl, each weight states the probability that the corresponding alternative occurs. If mode is incl each weight states the probability that the corresponding alternative occurs given that at least one of the other alternatives occurs.
StatusOptional
Datatype2–∞ occurrences of teidata.probability separated by whitespace
Note

If mode is excl, the sum of weights must be 1. If mode is incl, the sum of weights must be in the range from 0 to the number of alternants.

Member of
Contained by
May containEmpty element
Example
<alt mode="excltarget="#we.fun #we.sun"  weights="0.5 0.5"/>
Content model
<content>
 <empty/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element alt
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.pointing.attribute.targetLang,
   att.pointing.attribute.evaluate,
   att.typed.attributes,
   attribute target { list { * } }?,
   attribute mode { "excl" | "incl" }?,
   attribute weights { list { * } }?,
   empty
}

1.15. <altGrp>

<altGrp> (alternation group) groups a collection of <alt> elements and possibly pointers. [16.8. Alternation]
Modulelinking
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.pointing.group (@domains, @targFunc) (att.pointing (@targetLang, @target, @evaluate)) (att.typed (@type, @subtype))
modestates whether the alternations gathered in this collection are exclusive or inclusive.
StatusOptional
Datatypeteidata.enumerated
Legal values are:
excl
(exclusive) indicates that the alternation is exclusive, i.e. that at most one of the alternatives occurs.[Default]
incl
(inclusive) indicates that the alternation is not exclusive, i.e. that one or more of the alternatives occur.
Member of
Contained by
May contain
core: ptr
linking: alt
Note

Any number of alternations, pointers or extended pointers.

Example
<altGrp mode="excl">  <alt target="#dm #lt #bb"   weights="0.5 0.25 0.25"/>  <alt target="#rl #dbweights="0.5 0.5"/> </altGrp>
Example
<altGrp mode="incl">  <alt target="#dm #rlweights="0.90 0.90"/>  <alt target="#lt #rlweights="0.5 0.5"/>  <alt target="#bb #rlweights="0.5 0.5"/>  <alt target="#dm #dbweights="0.10 0.10"/>  <alt target="#lt #dbweights="0.45 0.90"/>  <alt target="#bb #dbweights="0.45 0.90"/> </altGrp>
Content model
<content>
 <alternate minOccurs="0"
  maxOccurs="unbounded">
  <elementRef key="alt"/>
  <elementRef key="ptr"/>
 </alternate>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element altGrp
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.pointing.group.attributes,
   attribute mode { "excl" | "incl" }?,
   ( alt | ptr )*
}

1.16. <am>

<am> (abbreviation marker) contains a sequence of letters or signs present in an abbreviation which are omitted or replaced in the expanded form of the abbreviation. [11.3.1.2. Abbreviation and Expansion]
Moduletranscr
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.typed (@type, @subtype) att.editLike (@evidence, @instant)
Member of
Contained by
May contain
Example
do you <abbr>Mr<am>.</am> </abbr> Jones?
Example
<choice>  <abbr>Aug<am>g</am>  </abbr>  <expan>Aug<ex>ustorum duo</ex>  </expan> </choice>
Example
<abbr>eu<am>   <g ref="#b-er"/>  </am>y</abbr> <abbr>  <am>   <g ref="#b-per"/>  </am>sone </abbr> ...
Content model
<content>
 <alternate minOccurs="0"
  maxOccurs="unbounded">
  <textNode/>
  <classRef key="model.gLike"/>
  <classRef key="model.pPart.transcriptional"/>
 </alternate>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element am
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.typed.attributes,
   att.editLike.attributes,
   ( text | model.gLike | model.pPart.transcriptional )*
}

1.17. <analytic>

<analytic> (analytic level) contains bibliographic elements describing an item (e.g. an article or poem) published within a monograph or journal and not as an independent publication. [3.11.2.1. Analytic, Monographic, and Series Levels]
Modulecore
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source))
Contained by
May contain
Note

May contain titles and statements of responsibility (author, editor, or other), in any order.

The <analytic> element may only occur within a <biblStruct>, where its use is mandatory for the description of an analytic level bibliographic item.

Example
<biblStruct>  <analytic>   <author>Chesnutt, David</author>   <title>Historical Editions in the States</title>  </analytic>  <monogr>   <title level="j">Computers and the Humanities</title>   <imprint>    <date when="1991-12">(December, 1991):</date>   </imprint>   <biblScope>25.6</biblScope>   <biblScope>377–380</biblScope>  </monogr> </biblStruct>
Content model
<content>
 <alternate minOccurs="0"
  maxOccurs="unbounded">
  <elementRef key="author"/>
  <elementRef key="editor"/>
  <elementRef key="respStmt"/>
  <elementRef key="title"/>
  <classRef key="model.ptrLike"/>
  <elementRef key="date"/>
  <elementRef key="textLang"/>
  <elementRef key="idno"/>
  <elementRef key="availability"/>
 </alternate>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element analytic
{
   att.global.attributes,
   (
      authoreditorrespStmttitlemodel.ptrLikedatetextLangidnoavailability
   )*
}

1.18. <anchor>

<anchor> (anchor point) attaches an identifier to a point within a text, whether or not it corresponds with a textual element. [8.4.2. Synchronization and Overlap 16.5. Correspondence and Alignment]
Modulelinking
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.typed (@type, @subtype)
Member of
Contained by
May containEmpty element
Note

On this element, the global xml:id attribute must be supplied to specify an identifier for the point at which this element occurs within a document. The value used may be chosen freely provided that it is unique within the document and is a syntactically valid name. There is no requirement for values containing numbers to be in sequence.

Example
<s>The anchor is he<anchor xml:id="A234"/>re somewhere.</s> <s>Help me find it.<ptr target="#A234"/> </s>
Content model
<content>
 <empty/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element anchor { att.global.attributes, att.typed.attributes, empty }

1.19. <appInfo>

<appInfo> (application information) records information about an application which has edited the TEI file. [2.3.11. The Application Information Element]
Moduleheader
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source))
Member of
Contained by
header: encodingDesc
May contain
header: application
Example
<appInfo>  <application version="1.24ident="Xaira">   <label>XAIRA Indexer</label>   <ptr target="#P1"/>  </application> </appInfo>
Content model
<content>
 <classRef key="model.applicationLike"
  minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element appInfo { att.global.attributes, model.applicationLike+ }

1.20. <application>

<application> provides information about an application which has acted upon the document. [2.3.11. The Application Information Element]
Moduleheader
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.typed (@type, @subtype) att.datable (@calendar, @period) (att.datable.w3c (@when, @notBefore, @notAfter, @from, @to)) (att.datable.iso (@when-iso, @notBefore-iso, @notAfter-iso, @from-iso, @to-iso)) (att.datable.custom (@when-custom, @notBefore-custom, @notAfter-custom, @from-custom, @to-custom, @datingPoint, @datingMethod))
identsupplies an identifier for the application, independent of its version number or display name.
StatusRequired
Datatypeteidata.name
versionsupplies a version number for the application, independent of its identifier or display name.
StatusRequired
Datatypeteidata.versionNumber
Member of
Contained by
header: appInfo
May contain
linking: ab
Example
<appInfo>  <application version="1.5"   ident="ImageMarkupTool1notAfter="2006-06-01">   <label>Image Markup Tool</label>   <ptr target="#P1"/>   <ptr target="#P2"/>  </application> </appInfo>
This example shows an appInfo element documenting the fact that version 1.5 of the Image Markup Tool1 application has an interest in two parts of a document which was last saved on June 6 2006. The parts concerned are accessible at the URLs given as target for the two <ptr> elements.
Content model
<content>
 <sequence>
  <classRef key="model.labelLike"
   minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
  <alternate>
   <classRef key="model.ptrLike"
    minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
   <classRef key="model.pLike"
    minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
  </alternate>
 </sequence>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element application
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.typed.attributes,
   att.datable.attributes,
   attribute ident { text },
   attribute version { text },
   ( model.labelLike+, ( model.ptrLike* | model.pLike* ) )
}

1.21. <argument>

<argument> contains a formal list or prose description of the topics addressed by a subdivision of a text. [4.2. Elements Common to All Divisions 4.6. Title Pages]
Moduletextstructure
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source))
Member of
Contained by
May contain
Example
<argument>  <p>Monte Video — Maldonado — Excursion    to R Polanco — Lazo and Bolas — Partridges —    Absence of Trees — Deer — Capybara, or River Hog —    Tucutuco — Molothrus, cuckoo-like habits — Tyrant    Flycatcher — Mocking-bird — Carrion Hawks —    Tubes formed by Lightning — House struck</p> </argument>
Content model
<content>
 <sequence>
  <alternate minOccurs="0"
   maxOccurs="unbounded">
   <classRef key="model.global"/>
   <classRef key="model.headLike"/>
  </alternate>
  <sequence minOccurs="1"
   maxOccurs="unbounded">
   <classRef key="model.common"/>
   <classRef key="model.global"
    minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
  </sequence>
 </sequence>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element argument
{
   att.global.attributes,
   ( ( model.global | model.headLike )*, ( model.common, model.global* )+ )
}

1.22. <author>

<author> in a bibliographic reference, contains the name(s) of an author, personal or corporate, of a work; for example in the same form as that provided by a recognized bibliographic name authority. [3.11.2.2. Titles, Authors, and Editors 2.2.1. The Title Statement]
Modulecore
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.naming (@role, @nymRef) (att.canonical (@key, @ref))
Member of
Contained by
May contain
Note

Particularly where cataloguing is likely to be based on the content of the header, it is advisable to use a generally recognized name authority file to supply the content for this element. The attributes key or ref may also be used to reference canonical information about the author(s) intended from any appropriate authority, such as a library catalogue or online resource.

In the case of a broadcast, use this element for the name of the company or network responsible for making the broadcast.

Where an author is unknown or unspecified, this element may contain text such as Unknown or Anonymous. When the appropriate TEI modules are in use, it may also contain detailed tagging of the names used for people, organizations or places, in particular where multiple names are given.

Example
<author>British Broadcasting Corporation</author> <author>La Fayette, Marie Madeleine Pioche de la Vergne, comtesse de (1634–1693)</author> <author>Anonymous</author> <author>Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation</author> <author>  <persName>Beaumont, Francis</persName> and <persName>John Fletcher</persName> </author> <author>  <orgName key="BBC">British Broadcasting    Corporation</orgName>: Radio 3 Network </author>
Content model
<content>
 <macroRef key="macro.phraseSeq"/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element author
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.naming.attributes,
   macro.phraseSeq
}

1.23. <authority>

<authority> (release authority) supplies the name of a person or other agency responsible for making a work available, other than a publisher or distributor. [2.2.4. Publication, Distribution, Licensing, etc.]
Moduleheader
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.canonical (@key, @ref)
Member of
Contained by
core: monogr
May contain
Example
<authority>John Smith</authority>
Content model
<content>
 <macroRef key="macro.phraseSeq.limited"/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element authority
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.canonical.attributes,
   macro.phraseSeq.limited
}

1.24. <availability>

<availability> supplies information about the availability of a text, for example any restrictions on its use or distribution, its copyright status, any licence applying to it, etc. [2.2.4. Publication, Distribution, Licensing, etc.]
Moduleheader
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.declarable (@default)
statussupplies a code identifying the current availability of the text.
StatusOptional
Datatypeteidata.enumerated
Legal values are:
free
the text is freely available.
unknown
the status of the text is unknown.
restricted
the text is not freely available.
Member of
Contained by
May contain
core: p
header: licence
linking: ab
Note

A consistent format should be adopted

Example
<availability status="restricted">  <p>Available for academic research purposes only.</p> </availability> <availability status="free">  <p>In the public domain</p> </availability> <availability status="restricted">  <p>Available under licence from the publishers.</p> </availability>
Example
<availability>  <licence target="http://opensource.org/licenses/MIT">   <p>The MIT License      applies to this document.</p>   <p>Copyright (C) 2011 by The University of Victoria</p>   <p>Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy      of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal      in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights      to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell      copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is      furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:</p>   <p>The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in      all copies or substantial portions of the Software.</p>   <p>THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR      IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,      FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE      AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER      LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,      OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN      THE SOFTWARE.</p>  </licence> </availability>
Content model
<content>
 <alternate minOccurs="1"
  maxOccurs="unbounded">
  <classRef key="model.availabilityPart"/>
  <classRef key="model.pLike"/>
 </alternate>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element availability
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.declarable.attributes,
   attribute status { "free" | "unknown" | "restricted" }?,
   ( model.availabilityPart | model.pLike )+
}

1.25. <back>

<back> (back matter) contains any appendixes, etc. following the main part of a text. [4.7. Back Matter 4. Default Text Structure]
Moduletextstructure
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.declaring (@decls)
Contained by
textstructure: floatingText text
transcr: facsimile
May contain
Note

Because cultural conventions differ as to which elements are grouped as back matter and which as front matter, the content models for the <back> and <front> elements are identical.

Example
<back>  <div type="appendix">   <head>The Golden Dream or, the Ingenuous Confession</head>   <p>TO shew the Depravity of human Nature, and how apt the Mind is to be misled by Trinkets      and false Appearances, Mrs. Two-Shoes does acknowledge, that after she became rich, she      had like to have been, too fond of Money <!-- .... -->   </p>  </div> <!-- ... -->  <div type="epistle">   <head>A letter from the Printer, which he desires may be inserted</head>   <salute>Sir.</salute>   <p>I have done with your Copy, so you may return it to the Vatican, if you please;    <!-- ... -->   </p>  </div>  <div type="advert">   <head>The Books usually read by the Scholars of Mrs Two-Shoes are these and are sold at Mr      Newbery's at the Bible and Sun in St Paul's Church-yard.</head>   <list>    <item n="1">The Christmas Box, Price 1d.</item>    <item n="2">The History of Giles Gingerbread, 1d.</item> <!-- ... -->    <item n="42">A Curious Collection of Travels, selected from the Writers of all Nations,        10 Vol, Pr. bound 1l.</item>   </list>  </div>  <div type="advert">   <head>By the KING's Royal Patent, Are sold by J. NEWBERY, at the Bible and Sun in St.      Paul's Church-Yard.</head>   <list>    <item n="1">Dr. James's Powders for Fevers, the Small-Pox, Measles, Colds, &amp;c. 2s.        6d</item>    <item n="2">Dr. Hooper's Female Pills, 1s.</item> <!-- ... -->   </list>  </div> </back>
Content model
<content>
 <sequence>
  <alternate minOccurs="0"
   maxOccurs="unbounded">
   <classRef key="model.frontPart"/>
   <classRef key="model.pLike.front"/>
   <classRef key="model.pLike"/>
   <classRef key="model.listLike"/>
   <classRef key="model.global"/>
  </alternate>
  <alternate minOccurs="0">
   <sequence>
    <classRef key="model.div1Like"/>
    <alternate minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded">
     <classRef key="model.frontPart"/>
     <classRef key="model.div1Like"/>
     <classRef key="model.global"/>
    </alternate>
   </sequence>
   <sequence>
    <classRef key="model.divLike"/>
    <alternate minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded">
     <classRef key="model.frontPart"/>
     <classRef key="model.divLike"/>
     <classRef key="model.global"/>
    </alternate>
   </sequence>
  </alternate>
  <sequence minOccurs="0">
   <classRef key="model.divBottomPart"/>
   <alternate minOccurs="0"
    maxOccurs="unbounded">
    <classRef key="model.divBottomPart"/>
    <classRef key="model.global"/>
   </alternate>
  </sequence>
 </sequence>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element back
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.declaring.attributes,
   (
      (
         model.frontPartmodel.pLike.frontmodel.pLikemodel.listLikemodel.global
      )*,
      (
         (
            model.div1Like,
            ( model.frontPart | model.div1Like | model.global )*
         )
       | ( model.divLike, ( model.frontPart | model.divLike | model.global )* )
      )?,
      ( model.divBottomPart, ( model.divBottomPart | model.global )* )?
   )
}

1.26. <balloon>

<balloon> A single speech, thought, or other type of balloon, commonly found in comics, comic books, and graphic novels.
Namespacehttp://www.cbml.org/ns/1.0
Modulecbml
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.ascribed (@who) att.typed (type, @subtype)
typeDescribes the type of balloon.
Derived fromatt.typed
StatusRequired
Datatype
Member of
Contained by
May contain
Example
Figure 1. A panel from a Stardust story, by Fletcher Hanks, from Fantastic Comics #15 (February 1941).
A panel from a Stardust story, by Fletcher Hanks, from  #15 (February 1941).
<cbml:panel characters="#stardust"    xmlns:cbml="http://www.cbml.org/ns/1.0">  <cbml:caption> The next instant, Stardust swoops out of the    heavens........ </cbml:caption>  <cbml:balloon type="speech"   who="#stardust"> We must take no more    risk! </cbml:balloon> </cbml:panel>
Example
Figure 2. An panel from The Amazing Spider-Man #5 (October 1963) by Stan Lee and Steve Ditko.
An panel from The Amazing Spider-Man #5 (October 1963) by Stan Lee and Steve Ditko.
<cbml:panel characters="#spidey #jjjn="3"  xml:id="eg_ae1"    xmlns:cbml="http://www.cbml.org/ns/1.0">  <cbml:balloon xml:id="eg_006who="#jjj"   type="audiosubtype="telecastrendition="#uc"> My name is J. Jonah Jameson,    publisher of <title rendition="#b">Now</title> magazine and the  <title rendition="#b">Daily Bugle</title>   <emph rendition="#b">!</emph> I am sponsoring this program in the    public interest, to expose <emph rendition="#b">Spider-Man</emph> to the pubic as the menace he is!  </cbml:balloon> </cbml:panel>
Content model
<content>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element balloon
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.typed.attribute.subtype,
   att.ascribed.attributes,
   attribute type { data.enumerated },
   macro.specialPara
}

1.27. <bibl>

<bibl> (bibliographic citation) contains a loosely-structured bibliographic citation of which the sub-components may or may not be explicitly tagged. [3.11.1. Methods of Encoding Bibliographic References and Lists of References 2.2.7. The Source Description 15.3.2. Declarable Elements]
Modulecore
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.declarable (@default) att.typed (@type, @subtype) att.sortable (@sortKey) att.docStatus (@status)
Member of
Contained by
May contain
Note

Contains phrase-level elements, together with any combination of elements from the model.biblPart class

Example
<bibl>Blain, Clements and Grundy: Feminist Companion to Literature in English (Yale, 1990)</bibl>
Example
<bibl>  <title level="a">The Interesting story of the Children in the Wood</title>. In <author>Victor E Neuberg</author>, <title>The Penny Histories</title>. <publisher>OUP</publisher>  <date>1968</date>. </bibl>
Example
<bibl type="articlesubtype="book_chapter"  xml:id="carlin_2003">  <author>   <name>    <surname>Carlin</surname>      (<forename>Claire</forename>)</name>  </author>, <title level="a">The Staging of Impotence : France’s last    congrès</title> dans <bibl type="monogr">   <title level="m">Theatrum mundi : studies in honor of Ronald W.      Tobin</title>, éd.  <editor>    <name>     <forename>Claire</forename>     <surname>Carlin</surname>    </name>   </editor> et  <editor>    <name>     <forename>Kathleen</forename>     <surname>Wine</surname>    </name>   </editor>,  <pubPlace>Charlottesville, Va.</pubPlace>,  <publisher>Rookwood Press</publisher>,  <date when="2003">2003</date>.  </bibl> </bibl>
Content model
<content>
 <alternate minOccurs="0"
  maxOccurs="unbounded">
  <textNode/>
  <classRef key="model.gLike"/>
  <classRef key="model.highlighted"/>
  <classRef key="model.pPart.data"/>
  <classRef key="model.pPart.edit"/>
  <classRef key="model.segLike"/>
  <classRef key="model.ptrLike"/>
  <classRef key="model.biblPart"/>
  <classRef key="model.global"/>
 </alternate>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element bibl
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.declarable.attributes,
   att.typed.attributes,
   att.sortable.attributes,
   att.docStatus.attributes,
   (
      text
    | model.gLike
    | model.highlightedmodel.pPart.datamodel.pPart.editmodel.segLikemodel.ptrLikemodel.biblPartmodel.global
   )*
}

1.28. <biblFull>

<biblFull> (fully-structured bibliographic citation) contains a fully-structured bibliographic citation, in which all components of the TEI file description are present. [3.11.1. Methods of Encoding Bibliographic References and Lists of References 2.2. The File Description 2.2.7. The Source Description 15.3.2. Declarable Elements]
Moduleheader
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.declarable (@default) att.sortable (@sortKey) att.docStatus (@status)
Member of
Contained by
May contain
Example
<biblFull>  <titleStmt>   <title>The Feminist Companion to Literature in English: women writers from the middle ages      to the present</title>   <author>Blain, Virginia</author>   <author>Clements, Patricia</author>   <author>Grundy, Isobel</author>  </titleStmt>  <editionStmt>   <edition>UK edition</edition>  </editionStmt>  <extent>1231 pp</extent>  <publicationStmt>   <publisher>Yale University Press</publisher>   <pubPlace>New Haven and London</pubPlace>   <date>1990</date>  </publicationStmt>  <sourceDesc>   <p>No source: this is an original work</p>  </sourceDesc> </biblFull>
Content model
<content>
 <alternate>
  <sequence>
   <sequence>
    <elementRef key="titleStmt"/>
    <elementRef key="editionStmt"
     minOccurs="0"/>
    <elementRef key="extent" minOccurs="0"/>
    <elementRef key="publicationStmt"/>
    <elementRef key="seriesStmt"
     minOccurs="0"/>
    <elementRef key="notesStmt"
     minOccurs="0"/>
   </sequence>
   <elementRef key="sourceDesc"
    minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
  </sequence>
  <sequence>
   <elementRef key="fileDesc"/>
   <elementRef key="profileDesc"/>
  </sequence>
 </alternate>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element biblFull
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.declarable.attributes,
   att.sortable.attributes,
   att.docStatus.attributes,
   (
      (
         (
            titleStmt,
            editionStmt?,
            extent?,
            publicationStmt,
            seriesStmt?,
            notesStmt?
         ),
         sourceDesc*
      )
    | ( fileDesc, profileDesc )
   )
}

1.29. <biblScope>

<biblScope> (scope of bibliographic reference) defines the scope of a bibliographic reference, for example as a list of page numbers, or a named subdivision of a larger work. [3.11.2.5. Scopes and Ranges in Bibliographic Citations]
Modulecore
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.citing (@unit, @from, @to)
Member of
Contained by
May contain
Note

When a single page is being cited, use the from and to attributes with an identical value. When no clear endpoint is provided, the from attribute may be used without to; for example a citation such as ‘p. 3ff’ might be encoded <biblScope from="3">p. 3ff<biblScope>.

It is now considered good practice to supply this element as a sibling (rather than a child) of <imprint>, since it supplies information which does not constitute part of the imprint.

Example
<biblScope>pp 12–34</biblScope> <biblScope unit="pagefrom="12to="34"/> <biblScope unit="volume">II</biblScope> <biblScope unit="page">12</biblScope>
Content model
<content>
 <macroRef key="macro.phraseSeq"/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element biblScope
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.citing.attributes,
   macro.phraseSeq
}

1.30. <biblStruct>

<biblStruct> (structured bibliographic citation) contains a structured bibliographic citation, in which only bibliographic sub-elements appear and in a specified order. [3.11.1. Methods of Encoding Bibliographic References and Lists of References 2.2.7. The Source Description 15.3.2. Declarable Elements]
Modulecore
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.declarable (@default) att.typed (@type, @subtype) att.sortable (@sortKey) att.docStatus (@status)
Member of
Contained by
May contain
Example
<biblStruct>  <monogr>   <author>Blain, Virginia</author>   <author>Clements, Patricia</author>   <author>Grundy, Isobel</author>   <title>The Feminist Companion to Literature in English: women writers from the middle ages      to the present</title>   <edition>first edition</edition>   <imprint>    <publisher>Yale University Press</publisher>    <pubPlace>New Haven and London</pubPlace>    <date>1990</date>   </imprint>  </monogr> </biblStruct>
Content model
<content>
 <sequence>
  <elementRef key="analytic" minOccurs="0"
   maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
  <sequence minOccurs="1"
   maxOccurs="unbounded">
   <elementRef key="monogr"/>
   <elementRef key="series" minOccurs="0"
    maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
  </sequence>
  <alternate minOccurs="0"
   maxOccurs="unbounded">
   <classRef key="model.noteLike"/>
   <classRef key="model.ptrLike"/>
   <elementRef key="relatedItem"/>
   <elementRef key="citedRange"/>
  </alternate>
 </sequence>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element biblStruct
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.declarable.attributes,
   att.typed.attributes,
   att.sortable.attributes,
   att.docStatus.attributes,
   (
      analytic*,
      ( monogr, series* )+,
      ( model.noteLike | model.ptrLike | relatedItem | citedRange )*
   )
}

1.31. <binaryObject>

<binaryObject> provides encoded binary data representing an inline graphic, audio, video or other object. [3.9. Graphics and Other Non-textual Components]
Modulecore
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.media (@width, @height, @scale) (att.internetMedia (@mimeType)) att.timed (@start, @end) att.typed (@type, @subtype)
encodingThe encoding used to encode the binary data. If not specified, this is assumed to be Base64.
StatusOptional
Datatype1–∞ occurrences of teidata.word separated by whitespace
Member of
Contained by
May containCharacter data only
Example
<binaryObject mimeType="image/gif"> R0lGODdhMAAwAPAAAAAAAP///ywAAAAAMAAwAAAC8IyPqcvt3wCcDkiLc7C0qwy GHhSWpjQu5yqmCYsapyuvUUlvONmOZtfzgFzByTB10QgxOR0TqBQejhRNzOfkVJ +5YiUqrXF5Y5lKh/DeuNcP5yLWGsEbtLiOSpa/TPg7JpJHxyendzWTBfX0cxOnK PjgBzi4diinWGdkF8kjdfnycQZXZeYGejmJlZeGl9i2icVqaNVailT6F5iJ90m6 mvuTS4OK05M0vDk0Q4XUtwvKOzrcd3iq9uisF81M1OIcR7lEewwcLp7tuNNkM3u Nna3F2JQFo97Vriy/Xl4/f1cf5VWzXyym7PH hhx4dbgYKAAA7</binaryObject>
Content model
<content>
 <textNode/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element binaryObject
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.media.attributes,
   att.timed.attributes,
   att.typed.attributes,
   attribute encoding { list { + } }?,
   text
}

1.32. <birth>

<birth> contains information about a person's birth, such as its date and place. [15.2.2. The Participant Description]
Modulenamesdates
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.editLike (@evidence, @instant) att.datable (@calendar, @period) (att.datable.w3c (@when, @notBefore, @notAfter, @from, @to)) (att.datable.iso (@when-iso, @notBefore-iso, @notAfter-iso, @from-iso, @to-iso)) (att.datable.custom (@when-custom, @notBefore-custom, @notAfter-custom, @from-custom, @to-custom, @datingPoint, @datingMethod)) att.dimensions (@unit, @quantity, @extent, @precision, @scope) (att.ranging (@atLeast, @atMost, @min, @max, @confidence)) att.naming (@role, @nymRef) (att.canonical (@key, @ref)) att.typed (type, @subtype)
typecharacterizes the element in some sense, using any convenient classification scheme or typology.
Derived fromatt.typed
StatusOptional
Datatypeteidata.enumerated
Sample values include:
caesarean
(caesarean section)
vaginal
(vaginal delivery)
exNihilo
(ex nihilo)
incorporated
founded
established
Member of
Contained by
May contain
Example
<birth>Before 1920, Midlands region.</birth>
Example
<birth when="1960-12-10">In a small cottage near <name type="place">Aix-la-Chapelle</name>, early in the morning of <date>10 Dec 1960</date> </birth>
Content model
<content>
 <macroRef key="macro.phraseSeq"/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element birth
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.editLike.attributes,
   att.datable.attributes,
   att.dimensions.attributes,
   att.naming.attributes,
   att.typed.attribute.subtype,
   attribute type { text }?,
   macro.phraseSeq
}

1.33. <bloc>

<bloc> contains the name of a geo-political unit consisting of two or more nation states or countries. [13.2.3. Place Names]
Modulenamesdates
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.naming (@role, @nymRef) (att.canonical (@key, @ref)) att.typed (@type, @subtype) att.datable (@calendar, @period) (att.datable.w3c (@when, @notBefore, @notAfter, @from, @to)) (att.datable.iso (@when-iso, @notBefore-iso, @notAfter-iso, @from-iso, @to-iso)) (att.datable.custom (@when-custom, @notBefore-custom, @notAfter-custom, @from-custom, @to-custom, @datingPoint, @datingMethod))
Member of
Contained by
May contain
Example
<bloc type="union">the European Union</bloc> <bloc type="continent">Africa</bloc>
Content model
<content>
 <macroRef key="macro.phraseSeq"/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element bloc
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.naming.attributes,
   att.typed.attributes,
   att.datable.attributes,
   macro.phraseSeq
}

1.34. <body>

<body> (text body) contains the whole body of a single unitary text, excluding any front or back matter. [4. Default Text Structure]
Moduletextstructure
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.declaring (@decls)
Contained by
textstructure: floatingText text
May contain
Example
<body>  <l>Nu scylun hergan hefaenricaes uard</l>  <l>metudæs maecti end his modgidanc</l>  <l>uerc uuldurfadur sue he uundra gihuaes</l>  <l>eci dryctin or astelidæ</l>  <l>he aerist scop aelda barnum</l>  <l>heben til hrofe haleg scepen.</l>  <l>tha middungeard moncynnæs uard</l>  <l>eci dryctin æfter tiadæ</l>  <l>firum foldu frea allmectig</l>  <trailer>primo cantauit Cædmon istud carmen.</trailer> </body>
Content model
<content>
 <sequence>
  <classRef key="model.global"
   minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
  <sequence minOccurs="0">
   <classRef key="model.divTop"/>
   <alternate minOccurs="0"
    maxOccurs="unbounded">
    <classRef key="model.global"/>
    <classRef key="model.divTop"/>
   </alternate>
  </sequence>
  <sequence minOccurs="0">
   <classRef key="model.divGenLike"/>
   <alternate minOccurs="0"
    maxOccurs="unbounded">
    <classRef key="model.global"/>
    <classRef key="model.divGenLike"/>
   </alternate>
  </sequence>
  <alternate>
   <sequence minOccurs="1"
    maxOccurs="unbounded">
    <classRef key="model.divLike"/>
    <alternate minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded">
     <classRef key="model.global"/>
     <classRef key="model.divGenLike"/>
    </alternate>
   </sequence>
   <sequence minOccurs="1"
    maxOccurs="unbounded">
    <classRef key="model.div1Like"/>
    <alternate minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded">
     <classRef key="model.global"/>
     <classRef key="model.divGenLike"/>
    </alternate>
   </sequence>
   <sequence>
    <sequence minOccurs="1"
     maxOccurs="unbounded">
     <classRef key="model.common"/>
     <classRef key="model.global"
      minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
    </sequence>
    <alternate minOccurs="0">
     <sequence minOccurs="1"
      maxOccurs="unbounded">
      <classRef key="model.divLike"/>
      <alternate minOccurs="0"
       maxOccurs="unbounded">
       <classRef key="model.global"/>
       <classRef key="model.divGenLike"/>
      </alternate>
     </sequence>
     <sequence minOccurs="1"
      maxOccurs="unbounded">
      <classRef key="model.div1Like"/>
      <alternate minOccurs="0"
       maxOccurs="unbounded">
       <classRef key="model.global"/>
       <classRef key="model.divGenLike"/>
      </alternate>
     </sequence>
    </alternate>
   </sequence>
  </alternate>
  <sequence minOccurs="0"
   maxOccurs="unbounded">
   <classRef key="model.divBottom"/>
   <classRef key="model.global"
    minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
  </sequence>
 </sequence>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element body
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.declaring.attributes,
   (
      model.global*,
      ( model.divTop, ( model.global | model.divTop )* )?,
      ( model.divGenLike, ( model.global | model.divGenLike )* )?,
      (
         ( model.divLike, ( model.global | model.divGenLike )* )+
       | ( model.div1Like, ( model.global | model.divGenLike )* )+
       | (
            ( model.common, model.global* )+,
            (
               ( model.divLike, ( model.global | model.divGenLike )* )+
             | ( model.div1Like, ( model.global | model.divGenLike )* )+
            )?
         )
      ),
      ( model.divBottom, model.global* )*
   )
}

1.35. <byline>

<byline> contains the primary statement of responsibility given for a work on its title page or at the head or end of the work. [4.2.2. Openers and Closers 4.5. Front Matter]
Moduletextstructure
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source))
Member of
Contained by
May contain
Note

The byline on a title page may include either the name or a description for the document's author. Where the name is included, it may optionally be tagged using the <docAuthor> element.

Example
<byline>Written by a CITIZEN who continued all the while in London. Never made publick before.</byline>
Example
<byline>Written from her own MEMORANDUMS</byline>
Example
<byline>By George Jones, Political Editor, in Washington</byline>
Example
<byline>BY <docAuthor>THOMAS PHILIPOTT,</docAuthor> Master of Arts, (Somtimes) Of Clare-Hall in Cambridge.</byline>
Content model
<content>
 <alternate minOccurs="0"
  maxOccurs="unbounded">
  <textNode/>
  <classRef key="model.gLike"/>
  <classRef key="model.phrase"/>
  <elementRef key="docAuthor"/>
  <classRef key="model.global"/>
 </alternate>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element byline
{
   att.global.attributes,
   ( text | model.gLike | model.phrase | docAuthor | model.global )*
}

1.36. <c>

<c> (character) represents a character. [17.1. Linguistic Segment Categories]
Moduleanalysis
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.segLike (@function) (att.datcat (@datcat, @valueDatcat)) (att.fragmentable (@part)) att.typed (@type, @subtype) att.notated (@notation)
Member of
Contained by
May containCharacter data only
Note

Contains a single character, a <g> element, or a sequence of graphemes to be treated as a single character. The type attribute is used to indicate the function of this segmentation, taking values such as letter, punctuation, or digit etc.

Example
<phr>  <c>M</c>  <c>O</c>  <c>A</c>  <c>I</c>  <w>doth</w>  <w>sway</w>  <w>my</w>  <w>life</w> </phr>
Content model
<content>
 <macroRef key="macro.xtext"/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element c
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.segLike.attributes,
   att.typed.attributes,
   att.notated.attributes,
   macro.xtext
}

1.37. <cRefPattern>

<cRefPattern> (canonical reference pattern) specifies an expression and replacement pattern for transforming a canonical reference into a URI. [2.3.6.3. Milestone Method 2.3.6. The Reference System Declaration 2.3.6.2. Search-and-Replace Method]
Moduleheader
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.patternReplacement (@matchPattern, @replacementPattern)
Contained by
header: refsDecl
May contain
core: p
linking: ab
Note

The result of the substitution may be either an absolute or a relative URI reference. In the latter case it is combined with the value of xml:base in force at the place where the cRef attribute occurs to form an absolute URI in the usual manner as prescribed by XML Base.

Example
<cRefPattern matchPattern="([1-9A-Za-z]+)\s+([0-9]+):([0-9]+)"  replacementPattern="#xpath(//div[@type='book'][@n='$1']/div[@type='chap'][@n='$2']/div[@type='verse'][@n='$3'])"/>
Content model
<content>
 <classRef key="model.pLike" minOccurs="0"
  maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element cRefPattern
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.patternReplacement.attributes,
   model.pLike*
}

1.38. <calendar>

<calendar> describes a calendar or dating system used in a dating formula in the text. [2.4.5. Calendar Description]
Moduleheader
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.pointing (@targetLang, @target, @evaluate)
Contained by
header: calendarDesc
May contain
core: p
linking: ab
Example
<calendarDesc>  <calendar xml:id="julianEngland">   <p>Julian Calendar (including proleptic)</p>  </calendar> </calendarDesc>
Example
<calendarDesc>  <calendar xml:id="egyptian"   target="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptian_calendar">   <p>Egyptian calendar (as defined by Wikipedia)</p>  </calendar> </calendarDesc>
Content model
<content>
 <classRef key="model.pLike" minOccurs="1"
  maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element calendar
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.pointing.attributes,
   model.pLike+
}

1.39. <calendarDesc>

<calendarDesc> (calendar description) contains a description of the calendar system used in any dating expression found in the text. [2.4. The Profile Description 2.4.5. Calendar Description]
Moduleheader
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source))
Member of
Contained by
header: profileDesc
May contain
header: calendar
Note

In the first example above, calendars and short codes for xml:ids are from W3 guidelines at http://www.w3.org/TR/xpath-functions-11/#lang-cal-country

Example
<calendarDesc>  <calendar xml:id="cal_AD">   <p>Anno Domini (Christian Era)</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_AH">   <p>Anno Hegirae (Muhammedan Era)</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_AME">   <p>Mauludi Era (solar years since Mohammed's birth)</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_AM">   <p>Anno Mundi (Jewish Calendar)</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_AP">   <p>Anno Persici</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_AS">   <p>Aji Saka Era (Java)</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_BE">   <p>Buddhist Era</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_CB">   <p>Cooch Behar Era</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_CE">   <p>Common Era</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_CL">   <p>Chinese Lunar Era</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_CS">   <p>Chula Sakarat Era</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_EE">   <p>Ethiopian Era</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_FE">   <p>Fasli Era</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_ISO">   <p>ISO 8601 calendar</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_JE">   <p>Japanese Calendar</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_KE">   <p>Khalsa Era (Sikh calendar)</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_KY">   <p>Kali Yuga</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_ME">   <p>Malabar Era</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_MS">   <p>Monarchic Solar Era</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_NS">   <p>Nepal Samwat Era</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_OS">   <p>Old Style (Julian Calendar)</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_RS">   <p>Rattanakosin (Bangkok) Era</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_SE">   <p>Saka Era</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_SH">   <p>Mohammedan Solar Era (Iran)</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_SS">   <p>Saka Samvat</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_TE">   <p>Tripurabda Era</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_VE">   <p>Vikrama Era</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_VS">   <p>Vikrama Samvat Era</p>  </calendar> </calendarDesc>
Example
<calendarDesc>  <calendar xml:id="cal_Gregorian">   <p>Gregorian calendar</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_Julian">   <p>Julian calendar</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_Islamic">   <p>Islamic or Muslim (hijri) lunar calendar</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_Hebrew">   <p>Hebrew or Jewish lunisolar calendar</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_Revolutionary">   <p>French Revolutionary calendar</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_Iranian">   <p>Iranian or Persian (Jalaali) solar calendar</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_Coptic">   <p>Coptic or Alexandrian calendar</p>  </calendar>  <calendar xml:id="cal_Chinese">   <p>Chinese lunisolar calendar</p>  </calendar> </calendarDesc>
Example
<calendarDesc>  <calendar xml:id="cal_Egyptian"   target="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptian_calendar">   <p>Egyptian calendar (as defined by Wikipedia)</p>  </calendar> </calendarDesc>
Content model
<content>
 <elementRef key="calendar" minOccurs="1"
  maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element calendarDesc { att.global.attributes, calendar+ }

1.40. <camera>

<camera> describes a particular camera angle or viewpoint in a screen play. [7.3.1. Technical Information 7.3. Other Types of Performance Text]
Moduledrama
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.typed (@type, @subtype)
Member of
Contained by
May contain
Example
<view>George glances at the window—and freezes. <camera type="cut">New angle—shock cut</camera> Out the window the body of a dead man suddenly slams into frame </view>
Content model
<content>
 <macroRef key="macro.paraContent"/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element camera
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.typed.attributes,
   macro.paraContent
}

1.41. <caption>

<caption> A narrative caption from a comic book panel.
Namespacehttp://www.cbml.org/ns/1.0
Modulecbml
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.typed (@type, @subtype) att.ascribed (@who)
Member of
Contained by
May contain
Example
Figure 3. A panel from a Dr. Strange story by Stan Lee and Steve Ditko from126 Strange Tales #126 (November 1964).
A panel from a Dr. Strange story by Stan Lee and Steve Ditko from126  #126 (November 1964).
<cbml:panel    xmlns:cbml="http://www.cbml.org/ns/1.0">  <cbml:caption rendition="#uc">   <hi rendition="#b">S</hi>lowly the mists begin to clear, as a    strange, startling world takes form! A world in which the    impossible is believable, and the incredible is commonplace--the    world of the dark domain--the world of the dread <emph rendition="#b">Dormammu!</emph>  </cbml:caption>  <cbml:balloon type="speech"   who="#drstrange"> The journey is over!    But, judging by the unspeakable menace I see before me, the  <emph rendition="#b">battle</emph> is just begun!  </cbml:balloon> </cbml:panel>
Content model
<content>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element caption
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.typed.attributes,
   att.ascribed.attributes,
   macro.specialPara
}

1.42. <castGroup>

<castGroup> (cast list grouping) groups one or more individual <castItem> elements within a cast list. [7.1.4. Cast Lists]
Moduledrama
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source))
Contained by
May contain
Note

The rend attribute may be used, as here, to indicate whether the grouping is indicated by a brace, whitespace, font change, etc.

Note that in this example the role description ‘friends of Mathias’ is understood to apply to both roles equally.

Example
<castGroup rend="braced">  <castItem>   <role>Walter</role>   <actor>Mr Frank Hall</actor>  </castItem>  <castItem>   <role>Hans</role>   <actor>Mr F.W. Irish</actor>  </castItem>  <roleDesc>friends of Mathias</roleDesc> </castGroup>
Content model
<content>
 <sequence>
  <alternate minOccurs="0"
   maxOccurs="unbounded">
   <classRef key="model.global"/>
   <classRef key="model.headLike"/>
  </alternate>
  <sequence minOccurs="1"
   maxOccurs="unbounded">
   <alternate>
    <elementRef key="castItem"/>
    <elementRef key="castGroup"/>
    <elementRef key="roleDesc"/>
   </alternate>
   <classRef key="model.global"
    minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
  </sequence>
  <sequence minOccurs="0">
   <elementRef key="trailer"/>
   <classRef key="model.global"
    minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
  </sequence>
 </sequence>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element castGroup
{
   att.global.attributes,
   (
      ( model.global | model.headLike )*,
      ( ( castItem | castGroup | roleDesc ), model.global* )+,
      ( trailer, model.global* )?
   )
}

1.43. <castItem>

<castItem> (cast list item) contains a single entry within a cast list, describing either a single role or a list of non-speaking roles. [7.1.4. Cast Lists]
Moduledrama
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.typed (type, @subtype)
typecharacterizes the cast item.
Derived fromatt.typed
StatusOptional
Datatypeteidata.enumerated
Defaultrole
Contained by
May contain
Example
<castItem>  <role>Player</role>  <actor>Mr Milward</actor> </castItem>
Example
<castItem type="list">Constables, Drawer, Turnkey, etc.</castItem>
Content model
<content>
 <alternate minOccurs="0"
  maxOccurs="unbounded">
  <textNode/>
  <classRef key="model.gLike"/>
  <classRef key="model.castItemPart"/>
  <classRef key="model.phrase"/>
  <classRef key="model.global"/>
 </alternate>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element castItem
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.typed.attribute.subtype,
   attribute type { text }?,
   ( text | model.gLike | model.castItemPart | model.phrase | model.global )*
}

1.44. <castList>

<castList> (cast list) contains a single cast list or dramatis personae. [7.1.4. Cast Lists 7.1. Front and Back Matter ]
Moduledrama
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source))
Member of
Contained by
May contain
Example
<castList>  <castGroup>   <head rend="braced">Mendicants</head>   <castItem>    <role>Aafaa</role>    <actor>Femi Johnson</actor>   </castItem>   <castItem>    <role>Blindman</role>    <actor>Femi Osofisan</actor>   </castItem>   <castItem>    <role>Goyi</role>    <actor>Wale Ogunyemi</actor>   </castItem>   <castItem>    <role>Cripple</role>    <actor>Tunji Oyelana</actor>   </castItem>  </castGroup>  <castItem>   <role>Si Bero</role>   <roleDesc>Sister to Dr Bero</roleDesc>   <actor>Deolo Adedoyin</actor>  </castItem>  <castGroup>   <head rend="braced">Two old women</head>   <castItem>    <role>Iya Agba</role>    <actor>Nguba Agolia</actor>   </castItem>   <castItem>    <role>Iya Mate</role>    <actor>Bopo George</actor>   </castItem>  </castGroup>  <castItem>   <role>Dr Bero</role>   <roleDesc>Specialist</roleDesc>   <actor>Nat Okoro</actor>  </castItem>  <castItem>   <role>Priest</role>   <actor>Gbenga Sonuga</actor>  </castItem>  <castItem>   <role>The old man</role>   <roleDesc>Bero's father</roleDesc>   <actor>Dapo Adelugba</actor>  </castItem> </castList> <stage type="mix">The action takes place in and around the home surgery of Dr Bero, lately returned from the wars.</stage>
Content model
<content>
 <sequence>
  <alternate minOccurs="0"
   maxOccurs="unbounded">
   <classRef key="model.divTop"/>
   <classRef key="model.global"/>
  </alternate>
  <sequence minOccurs="0"
   maxOccurs="unbounded">
   <classRef key="model.common"/>
   <classRef key="model.global"
    minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
  </sequence>
  <sequence minOccurs="1"
   maxOccurs="unbounded">
   <alternate>
    <elementRef key="castItem"/>
    <elementRef key="castGroup"/>
   </alternate>
   <classRef key="model.global"
    minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
  </sequence>
  <sequence minOccurs="0"
   maxOccurs="unbounded">
   <classRef key="model.common"/>
   <classRef key="model.global"
    minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
  </sequence>
 </sequence>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element castList
{
   att.global.attributes,
   (
      ( model.divTop | model.global )*,
      ( model.common, model.global* )*,
      ( ( castItem | castGroup ), model.global* )+,
      ( model.common, model.global* )*
   )
}

1.45. <catDesc>

<catDesc> (category description) describes some category within a taxonomy or text typology, either in the form of a brief prose description or in terms of the situational parameters used by the TEI formal <textDesc>. [2.3.7. The Classification Declaration]
Moduleheader
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.canonical (@key, @ref)
Contained by
header: category
May contain
Example
<catDesc>Prose reportage</catDesc>
Example
<catDesc>  <textDesc n="novel">   <channel mode="w">print; part issues</channel>   <constitution type="single"/>   <derivation type="original"/>   <domain type="art"/>   <factuality type="fiction"/>   <interaction type="none"/>   <preparedness type="prepared"/>   <purpose type="entertaindegree="high"/>   <purpose type="informdegree="medium"/>  </textDesc> </catDesc>
Content model
<content>
 <alternate minOccurs="0"
  maxOccurs="unbounded">
  <textNode/>
  <classRef key="model.limitedPhrase"/>
  <classRef key="model.catDescPart"/>
 </alternate>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element catDesc
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.canonical.attributes,
   ( text | model.limitedPhrase | model.catDescPart )*
}

1.46. <catRef>

<catRef> (category reference) specifies one or more defined categories within some taxonomy or text typology. [2.4.3. The Text Classification]
Moduleheader
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.pointing (@targetLang, @target, @evaluate)
schemeidentifies the classification scheme within which the set of categories concerned is defined, for example by a <taxonomy> element, or by some other resource.
StatusOptional
Datatypeteidata.pointer
Contained by
core: imprint
header: textClass
May containEmpty element
Note

The scheme attribute needs to be supplied only if more than one taxonomy has been declared.

Example
<catRef scheme="#myTopics"  target="#news #prov #sales2"/> <!-- elsewhere --> <taxonomy xml:id="myTopics">  <category xml:id="news">   <catDesc>Newspapers</catDesc>  </category>  <category xml:id="prov">   <catDesc>Provincial</catDesc>  </category>  <category xml:id="sales2">   <catDesc>Low to average annual sales</catDesc>  </category> </taxonomy>
Content model
<content>
 <empty/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element catRef
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.pointing.attributes,
   attribute scheme { text }?,
   empty
}

1.47. <category>

<category> contains an individual descriptive category, possibly nested within a superordinate category, within a user-defined taxonomy. [2.3.7. The Classification Declaration]
Moduleheader
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source))
Contained by
May contain
core: desc gloss
Example
<category xml:id="b1">  <catDesc>Prose reportage</catDesc> </category>
Example
<category xml:id="b2">  <catDesc>Prose </catDesc>  <category xml:id="b11">   <catDesc>journalism</catDesc>  </category>  <category xml:id="b12">   <catDesc>fiction</catDesc>  </category> </category>
Example
<category xml:id="LIT">  <catDesc xml:lang="pl">literatura piękna</catDesc>  <catDesc xml:lang="en">fiction</catDesc>  <category xml:id="LPROSE">   <catDesc xml:lang="pl">proza</catDesc>   <catDesc xml:lang="en">prose</catDesc>  </category>  <category xml:id="LPOETRY">   <catDesc xml:lang="pl">poezja</catDesc>   <catDesc xml:lang="en">poetry</catDesc>  </category>  <category xml:id="LDRAMA">   <catDesc xml:lang="pl">dramat</catDesc>   <catDesc xml:lang="en">drama</catDesc>  </category> </category>
Content model
<content>
 <sequence>
  <alternate>
   <elementRef key="catDesc" minOccurs="1"
    maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
   <alternate minOccurs="0"
    maxOccurs="unbounded">
    <classRef key="model.descLike"/>
    <classRef key="model.glossLike"/>
   </alternate>
  </alternate>
  <elementRef key="category" minOccurs="0"
   maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
 </sequence>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element category
{
   att.global.attributes,
   ( ( catDesc+ | ( model.descLike | model.glossLike )* ), category* )
}

1.48. <cb>

<cb> (column beginning) marks the beginning of a new column of a text on a multi-column page. [3.10.3. Milestone Elements]
Modulecore
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.typed (@type, @subtype) att.edition (@ed, @edRef) att.spanning (@spanTo) att.breaking (@break)
Member of
Contained by
May containEmpty element
Note

On this element, the global n attribute indicates the number or other value associated with the column which follows the point of insertion of this <cb> element. Encoders should adopt a clear and consistent policy as to whether the numbers associated with column breaks relate to the physical sequence number of the column in the whole text, or whether columns are numbered within the page. The <cb> element is placed at the head of the column to which it refers.

ExampleMarkup of an early English dictionary printed in two columns:
<pb/> <cb n="1"/> <entryFree>  <form>Well</form>, <sense>a Pit to hold Spring-Water</sense>: <sense>In the Art of <hi rend="italic">War</hi>, a Depth the Miner    sinks into the Ground, to find out and disappoint the Enemies Mines,    or to prepare one</sense>. </entryFree> <entryFree>To <form>Welter</form>, <sense>to wallow</sense>, or <sense>lie groveling</sense>.</entryFree> <!-- remainder of column --> <cb n="2"/> <entryFree>  <form>Wey</form>, <sense>the greatest Measure for dry Things,    containing five Chaldron</sense>. </entryFree> <entryFree>  <form>Whale</form>, <sense>the greatest of    Sea-Fishes</sense>. </entryFree>
Content model
<content>
 <empty/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element cb
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.typed.attributes,
   att.edition.attributes,
   att.spanning.attributes,
   att.breaking.attributes,
   empty
}

1.49. <cell>

<cell> contains one cell of a table. [14.1.1. TEI Tables]
Modulefigures
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.tableDecoration (@role, @rows, @cols)
Contained by
figures: row
May contain
Example
<row>  <cell role="label">General conduct</cell>  <cell role="data">Not satisfactory, on account of his great unpunctuality    and inattention to duties</cell> </row>
Content model
<content>
 <macroRef key="macro.specialPara"/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element cell
{
   att.global.attributes,
   att.tableDecoration.attributes,
   macro.specialPara
}

1.50. <change>

<change> documents a change or set of changes made during the production of a source document, or during the revision of an electronic file. [2.6. The Revision Description 2.4.1. Creation 11.7. Identifying Changes and Revisions]
Moduleheader
AttributesAttributes att.ascribed (@who) att.datable (@calendar, @period) (att.datable.w3c (@when, @notBefore, @notAfter, @from, @to)) (att.datable.iso (@when-iso, @notBefore-iso, @notAfter-iso, @from-iso, @to-iso)) (att.datable.custom (@when-custom, @notBefore-custom, @notAfter-custom, @from-custom, @to-custom, @datingPoint, @datingMethod)) att.docStatus (@status) att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.typed (@type, @subtype)
targetpoints to one or more elements that belong to this change.
StatusOptional
Datatype1–∞ occurrences of teidata.pointer separated by whitespace
Contained by
May contain
Note

The who attribute may be used to point to any other element, but will typically specify a <respStmt> or <person> element elsewhere in the header, identifying the person responsible for the change and their role in making it.

It is recommended that changes be recorded with the most recent first. The status attribute may be used to indicate the status of a document following the change documented.

Example
<titleStmt>  <title> ... </title>  <editor xml:id="LDB">Lou Burnard</editor>  <respStmt xml:id="BZ">   <resp>copy editing</resp>   <name>Brett Zamir</name>  </respStmt> </titleStmt> <!-- ... --> <revisionDesc status="published">  <change who="#BZwhen="2008-02-02"   status="public">Finished chapter 23</change>  <change who="#BZwhen="2008-01-02"   status="draft">Finished chapter 2</change>  <change n="P2.2when="1991-12-21"   who="#LDB">Added examples to section 3</change>  <change when="1991-11-11who="#MSM">Deleted chapter 10</change> </revisionDesc>
Example
<profileDesc>  <creation>   <listChange>    <change xml:id="DRAFT1">First draft in pencil</change>    <change xml:id="DRAFT2"     notBefore="1880-12-09">First revision, mostly        using green ink</change>    <change xml:id="DRAFT3"     notBefore="1881-02-13">Final corrections as        supplied to printer.</change>   </listChange>  </creation> </profileDesc>
Content model
<content>
 <macroRef key="macro.specialPara"/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element change
{
   att.ascribed.attributes,
   att.datable.attributes,
   att.docStatus.attributes,
   att.global.attributes,
   att.typed.attributes,
   attribute target { list { + } }?,
   macro.specialPara
}

1.51. <channel>

<channel> (primary channel) describes the medium or channel by which a text is delivered or experienced. For a written text, this might be print, manuscript, email, etc.; for a spoken one, radio, telephone, face-to-face, etc. [15.2.1. The Text Description]
Modulecorpus
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source))
modespecifies the mode of this channel with respect to speech and writing.
StatusOptional
Datatypeteidata.enumerated
Legal values are:
s
(spoken)
w
(written)
sw
(spoken to be written) e.g. dictation
ws
(written to be spoken) e.g. a script
m
(mixed)
x
(unknown or inapplicable) [Default]
Member of
Contained by
corpus: textDesc
May contain
Example
<channel mode="s">face-to-face conversation</channel>
Content model
<content>
 <macroRef key="macro.phraseSeq.limited"/>
</content>
    
Schema Declaration
element channel
{
   att.global.attributes,
   attribute mode { "s" | "w" | "sw" | "ws" | "m" | "x" }?,
   macro.phraseSeq.limited
}

1.52. <choice>

<choice> groups a number of alternative encodings for the same point in a text. [3.4. Simple Editorial Changes]
Modulecore
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source))
Member of
Contained by
analysis: cl pc